Globalization of Trade

December 16, 2012 9:57 pm 15 comments __
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By Barbara Fifková

Globalization is an abstract phenomenon, involving various changes in society that led to increased integration of political, socio-cultural and economic events on the global (mondiální) level. Globalization can be seen as an uneven process, as a result, some parts of the world relatively closer, while other relatively delaying all regardless of geographic distance. These new distances are specified information transfer rate and are a direct consequence of the level of involvement in the creation of a global economy. With these differences may have similar processes in different parts of the world very different consequences (a typical example is the introduction of the free market).

Business in Jakarta: The basic impulse of globalization was to start a revolution in transport, which took place in the mid-20th century. Thanks to faster road, air, rail and shipping it possible for companies to contract only with the local, but also those who would otherwise be too far – even over half the planet. A pioneer of globalization, the United States, where local companies have expanded in the 60th years on the European markets. What has happened is that the Americans had to adapt to some tastes of European customers, but also the contact with a different culture and way of production or sales also changed. This exchange marked as some people benefit, some, mostly nationalists with it but never overcome. To globalization, but also involve other countries, later in the 70th years, when there was a rapid development of the Japanese economy and goods produced here extended to all countries. In the U.S. and Europe and was the result of a competitive struggle debited or significantly reduced the whole industry, have taken their place was the Japanese company with Japanese manufacturing method. Such processes continue even further in the 80 and 90 years and ongoing.

The globalization of the world economy: Globalization abbreviated called theory of global economic growth (see Development Policy), under which extensive development of developed countries in turn causes an increase in the standard of living and poverty alleviation in developing countries. Opponents and opponents of globalization in the sense pointed out that social differences, and that conversely deepen poverty in the third world, industrialized countries hinder the active support of local small businesses and reducing the environmental impact of the industry in developed countries, their situation worse.

Cons Globalization:The process of globalization brings with it various problems. One of them is excessive divergence of crops, which leads to instability in some countries. A typical example is a country in Western Europe, where sometimes there is unrest among the majority and immigrants.

This problem but may have the opposite character, as exemplified by the Arab countries, which penetrates globalized Western culture, changing the conservative Islamic society.

 

Global Education: Global Education is a relatively new educational direction, which originated in the eighties of the 20th century at the University of York. Since then it has spread throughout the world, but the biggest influence keeps in Anglophone countries.

Aims Global Education: The aim of global education is mentioned by the authors to shape personality of the person who: Respects and accepts people with different opinions, views of the world and different cultural backgrounds, because they feel that they have similar wants and needs as he was with them in this sense connected.

It reflects the economic, political, technical, cultural and ecological coherence of the contemporary world, the problems of humanity on a global and local level, their mutual relationship, is aware of trends in their development and how they involve his personal life.

Feel (because) the responsibility for your activity and personal growth to himself and those around (the world).

(Barbara  Fifková born in 1957; Czech citizen-living in Benešov. She is astrologer and advocates for peace and respect for each creature on this planet)

 

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